Environmental pollution is one of the most dangerous threats to our mother earth, it is the most apprehensive challenge that the world faces after the industrial revolution and is increasing at a very fast pace and is causing permanent damages that cannot be replaced.
Environmental pollution must be taken seriously, as it imparts a very harmful effect on all the natural resources that are essential for life to exist on mother earth, without these resources all species on earth are in a very alarming situation.
Environmental Pollution is the poisoning of the atmosphere by the introduction of pollutants that can harm all living species. It is the addition of a new form of any chemical or type of energy into the environment at a quicker pace than the ecosystem can absorb it through dispersal, decomposition, regeneration, or storage in a harmless form.
We can identify several types of environmental pollution such as air, land, or water pollution other factors may include such as plastic, light, or noise pollution.
Most people think of environmental pollution as carbon emission or burning of fossil fuels however there are other factors too that play a major role in environmental degradation. Electromagnetic pollution has negative impacts on human health, but it is rarely discussed in modern times, even though we are exposed to it regularly.
Following are the few major causes of environmental pollution that are needed to be taken care of in the future or we will eventually be living in a place full of environmental hazards:
Industries have been damaging our environment since the onset of industrialization, particularly as the usage of fossil fuels has increased. Coal was utilized to help machines work quicker in the 19th century and throughout most of the 20th century, substituting human labor. These industries are a major cause of air, land, and water pollution.
Smog was largely caused by fossil fuel combustion from power stations that used coal as a fuel and cars that burned fossil fuels. Ozone Smog is caused by the burning of fossil fuels in the presence of sunlight and heat. As a result, a deadly gas has engulfed our planet.
Water contamination is a serious problem. To hide pollutants from EPA inspectors, several companies dump directly into rivers, canals, reservoirs, and streams. These water sources damage important crops, and food becomes polluted with a wide range of chemicals and germs, resulting in widespread health issues.
For over a century, pollution from automobiles, and other vehicles have been our most serious environmental problem. The exhaust gases that are excreted out from the vehicles are a major source of our ozone depletion and are great environmental air pollution that is not only affecting the atmosphere but is greatly inducing respiratory diseases among the living organisms. The issue is that we didn’t understand it until the situation had grown to epic proportions.
Carbon dioxide is produced by all of the world’s automobiles and by unreformed power stations and other heavy industries. The situation has been compounded by an ever-increasing human population and deforestation, which has resulted in the loss of natural defenses and an increase in carbon dioxide levels, which has not only produced adverse variation in climate but has caused an elevation in global warming.
Agriculture is mostly blamed for water and soil pollution. The growing use of insecticides and the intense nature of its manufacturing are to be blamed. Herbicides are most often made of chemical components and are used to keep pests away from the crops and to prevent diseases among the crops. Although these chemicals protect the crops but are destroying ecosystems.
Moreover, as agriculture becomes more intense to feed the world’s growing population, more habitats and surroundings are destroyed to make room for the crops.
Environmental pollution has many adverse and harmful effects some of which are listed below:
Environmental pollution has mostly physical impacts on humans, but it can also lead to the breakdown of the central nervous system over time. Respiratory problems, such as allergies, asthma, eye and nose irritation, and other respiratory diseases, are the most well-known.
Furthermore, environmental contamination has been shown to have a vital role in the evolution of cancer. This can happen when we ingest traces of contaminants used in the manufacturing of processed foods or pesticides used on crops. Hepatitis, typhoid, diarrhea, and hormone abnormalities are some of the more uncommon disorders.
Animals are most affected by the pollution because it harms their livability, making it unhealthy for them to dwell in. Acid rain may alter the chemistry of rivers and oceans, rendering them poisonous to fish; an insufficient amount of ozone in the lower atmosphere can cause respiratory issues in all animals.
Phosphorus and nitrates in water cause toxic algae to grow out of control, restricting other lifeforms from thriving. Soil contamination will eventually harm and, in some cases, kill microbes, which can have the significant impact of killing the primary food chain’s first layers.
Contaminating gases harm the environment. These gases, in effect, form a barrier around the globe that traps heat, raising the planet’s total temperature. The rise in global temperature, sometimes known as global warming, is not readily evident. Even a few degrees Celsius rise, on the other hand, produces catastrophic weather changes.
Over the years, the temperature has risen dramatically. Methane gas emitted by thawing icecaps further pollutes the protective atmosphere. This is producing widespread weather problems all around the world.
Following are a few remedies that can reduce the effects of environmental pollution:
Environmental pollution is affecting our mother earth and is eating our natural life-sustaining resources. To sustain a healthy environment, environment-friendly products should be made cheaper and people should be encouraged in using these products, protecting the soil, air, and water should be the primary goal of national environmental policies. Though environmental pollution is an incurable disease however it can be prevented if proper measures are taken and to develop effective solutions for environmental issues, a national approach is very essential along with educating the people in making our environment more healthy and safe.