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TYPES OF TINY FLYING INSECTS

Flying insects and bugs have different shapes and sizes, identifying the harmful ones is very necessary, your home or garden may be affected by many types of these flying insects that might be venomous or carry a certain disease.

They may be flying around your beautiful garden, damaging your exotic flowers and plants; however, not all flying bugs or insects are venomous or dangerous. Some of them are very beneficial and perform vital tasks such as pollinating flowers or feeding on a plant destroying pests.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INSECTS AND BUGS

Insects have six legs, two antennae, and three body segments—a head, thorax, and abdomen—and belong to the class Insecta. Flies, butterflies, wasps, bees, grasshoppers, and beetles are examples of flying insects. True bugs, on the other hand, are a sort of insect. They are members of the Hemiptera order.

Bugs and insects are distinguished by the fact that bugs feed on plant fluids. They puncture plants with their straw-shaped mouths and feed on sap, fluids, and other insects. Stink bugs, aphids, whiteflies, water bugs, and bed bugs are examples of real bugs. So all bugs are classified as insects but not all insects can be classified as bugs.

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COMMON FLYING INSECTS

Bees, wasps, flies, mosquitoes, butterflies, moths, beetles, and dragonflies are examples of common flying insects. Few ants and termites can fly. Your home can be invaded by many small flies such as drain flies, fungus gnats, or fruit flies, all of these unwanted visitors are attracted to damp moist conditions or any decayed organic matter. According to World Health Organization, some of these tiny bugs or insects are carriers of diseases such as typhoid, E. coli, cholera, or diarrhea.

Following are a few insects and bugs that might be roaming in your gardens or homes:

HONEY BEE

The common western honey bee is a flying insect with black and orange stripes on its body, a smooth, narrow belly, a fuzzy head, and a thorax. The honey bee’s hairy legs can attract pollen back to their hives. Unlike wasps, they are not aggressive and are rather gentle. These bees can produce honey and can grow as long as 13mm. There are around 20,000 species of bees in the world out of which only eight are classified as honey bees.

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BUMBLEBEE

The bumblebee is a huge flying insect that looks like a gigantic honeybee, with a hairy body and characteristic yellow and black stripes. Bumblebees are frequently seen feasting on pollen and nectar that they bring back to their nests. Bumblebees, on the other hand, do not produce as much honey as honeybees.

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WASPS

Wasps are a family of common flying insects that have a smooth, thin body with black and yellow streaks on them. The slender waist between the abdominal and the thorax is a distinguishing trait of all wasps. The majority of wasp species are yellow and black, although others are red, black, or brown.

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YELLOW JACKETS

Yellowjackets are winged insects with 6 yellow legs. The smooth body of the wasp distinguishes it from the ordinary bumblebee or honeybee. Yellowjackets are sometimes mistaken for aggressive hornets, although they are considerably smaller. Yellowjackets build their nests in holes, fissures, and crevices. Eastern yellowjackets are the widely known black and yellow wasps that can be a hindrance in the garden.

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FRUIT FLIES

The common fruit fly is a little brown flying insect with a length of 2.5 mm. The flies are so little that it’s difficult to tell which ones are which. The little brown flies, on the other hand, are frequently seen hovering on rotting fruit, garbage cans, and other decaying goods.

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DRAIN FLIES

The drain fly, also known as the sink fly, sewer gnat, or sewer fly, is a greyish moth-like flying ‘bug’ with a short, stubby body. Drain flies, as the name implies, like to reside in sinks and the muck that accumulates in drains. The little grey flies, which are roughly 2.5 mm in length, are most active at night.

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FUNGUS OR HOUSEPLANT GNATS

There are around 1,000 different species of black gnats. The fungus gnat is the most abundant. Winter gnats, sometimes known as fungus gnats, are around 1/16 to 1/8 inches long. Adults are grayish-black in color, with long see-through or grey wings with apparent veins and lengthy legs. These small insects feed on fungus and plant roots.

These insects may survive for up to a month and breed in warm environments. Because of their attraction to light, the females deposit roughly 300 eggs on most soils and flutter around lamps and windows. It takes three days for eggs to hatch.

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MIDGES

Biting midges like marshy environments.  They bite humans and other animals and suck blood from them. The adults of non-biting midges, also known as chironomids, resemble mosquitoes and are grey and less than an eighth of an inch long. Females have a lengthy proboscis to draw blood and have segmented antennae. 

Midges may be found in a variety of aquatic environments, including fast-moving rivers and deep lakes. They can halt development in the larval stage throughout the fall and winter. Adult midges may survive for five days on nectar and sweet substances. In warm conditions, the entire life cycle takes less than three weeks from egg to adult.

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BUTTERFLIES

Butterflies are a varied and fascinating species of flying insects. Butterfly species are distinguished by their elaborate designs, iridescent hues, and prominent eye-like markings on their beautiful wings. Butterflies are distinguished by their two hooked antennae. Butterflies range in size from tiny winged insects with a wingspan of 3.2mm to 300-mm-wide flying insects.

WHITEFLIES

Whiteflies are little white flying insects that are less than 2 mm in length. The white flying insects, like other bugs, feed on plant tissue by sucking the fluids from the leaves and stems. Furthermore, the white-colored insects release saliva that transmits plant diseases. A huge number of whiteflies may swiftly take over a plant and cause it to wilt. On houseplants and in greenhouses, flying white bugs may be a severe pest.

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BROWN MARMORATED STINK BUG

Stink bugs are one of the few genuine bug species that can fly. The stink bug is distinguished by its shield-like shape. Dark brown, the flying insect has six legs and two dark antennae with yellow bands. As a protection tactic, stink bugs create a distinct nasty odor. The bugs can fly, even though they prefer to crawl about plants and vegetation, killing the leaves.

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LADYBUGS

Ladybugs are beetle-like flying insects with bright colors. Ladybugs are distinguished by their oval-shaped bodies that are red, yellow, or orange and have black markings. In addition, the number of dots on the bright wings of some ladybug species may be used to identify them. The little beetles, often known as ladybirds, are between 0.8 and 18 mm long. Ladybugs are helpful insects that feed on scale insects and bugs such as aphids, and they can aid with pest management.

VERDICT

Your homes or beautiful gardens might be invaded by these small flying insects and can cause great harm to you, your health, and your beautiful lawn and patios. Some of these unwanted species are blood-sucking flies and can cause many skin problems, moreover few of them carry dangerous diseases such as malaria and typhoid, which can not only disrupt your physical health but can also affect the beautiful flowers and plants that you have. You need to prevent these tiny insects from attacking your house and gardens in the most effective natural ways.